About the field:
Follow a few of the following links to learn more about ultracold atoms:
- UltraCold Atoms News (UCAN) at the University of Toronto
- Nobel Site
- Experimental BEC review article by Ketterle, Durfee, and Stamper-Kurn: arXiv:cond-mat/9904034
- Theoretical BEC review article by Dalfovo, Giorgini, Pitaevskii, and Stringari: arXiv:cond-mat/9806038
- Experimental review of ultracold Fermi gases by Ketterle and Zwierlein: arXiv:0801.2500
- Book on Ultracold Bose and Fermi Quantum Gases, Fetter, Levin, & Stamper-Kurn, eds. (Elsevier, 2012)
Chapter 1: D. M. Stamper-Kurn and J. H. Thywissen
Experimental Methods of Ultracold Atomic Physics
[chapter: arXiv:1111.6196][book on Amazon] ISBN-13: 978-0444538574; ISBN: 0444538577
- History of superfluidity by Griffin: arXiv:cond-mat/9901123
About the place:
The University of Toronto (UofT) is one of the top public universities in the world, and located in an interesting, diverse, and safe city. Here's a few facts and relevant links:
- Canada is one of the G8 countries, the 10th largest GDP in the world, and a population of 35 million growing at about 1% per year. Official languages are English and French, but 19% of the population has neither of these as their mother tongue. Three-quarters of the population is employed in the service industry, but we are a net exporter of energy and agriculture products. Canada is the world's second-largest country by area. Nunavut, the northern territory inhabitied by Inuit, is as large as western Europe and includes the northernmost permanently inhabited place in the world, Alert. However Toronto, at 43N, lies further south than Florence, Marseilles, and Portland.
- The Toronto department of physics has been granting Ph.D.s since 1900. It has a strong history in optics and in condensed matter. In 1923 helium was liquified at UofT, the second place in the world, after Leiden. Early low-temperature physics research was done in the department, and Toronto graduates Jack Allen and Don Misener went on to Cambridge to discover superfluidity (simultaneously with Kapitza in moscow) and demonstrate the fountain effect.
- In the post-war era, two would-be Nobel laureates (Art Schawlow and Bertram Blockhouse) earned their doctorates here. In the 1960s, Boris Stoicheff pioneered the application of lasers to spectroscopy (Raman spectroscopy and Brillouin scattering).
- In current world rankings the University of Toronto stands at 17th according the Times Higher Education list (2010), 9th in the HEEACT rankings (2010, but 37th in their physics category), and 27th in the Shanghi ranking (but 40th in their physics ranking). [see also a Science Watch rankings article from Thomson Reuters]
- The cultural and racial diversity of the UofT student body is a reflection of the city we live in. Half of Toronto's population was born outside of Canada, according to the statistics found on the City of Toronto web site. This makes for a fun city, with a wide range of cuisines and festivals.
- Toronto was ranked in the top ten most livable cities (in 2010, ranking 4th!) by the Economist. It is also consistantly ranked among the most economically powerful cities in the world. Toronto and London are the two fastest growing G8 financial centres. Toronto is among the 25 safest cities in the world, tying with Amsterdam (and safer than London, Tokyo, or Berlin), according to the Mercer Index.